The decision whether to drop it – almost as difficult as making the bomb – was taken by US President Harry S Truman. Truman dropped the atomic bomb to bring the war against Japan to a quick end. He said it was dropped to save American soldiers' lives. Historians suspect Truman did not want to give theSoviets a chance to get involved in the Far East.
On 6 August 1945 the first atomic bomb, codenamed 'Little Boy', was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.
On 14 August 1945, the Japanese surrendered.
The creation and use of the atomic bomb was truly a turning point in warfare. The atomic bomb changed international relations. The superpowers of the USA and the USSR did not dare to start a war where both sides had nuclear weapons.

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